Wheat. Export from Kazakhstan
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Sungar agro, offers limited liability partnership export from Kazakhstan grain, bean, oily, railway and car transport
Fields of activity:
Products of plant growing: Peas, Buckwheat, Oats, Rye, Sunflower, Millet, Wheat, Lentil, Barley, Len, Rorchitsa, Safflower, Colza, Chick-pea, Meal, Cake, Lentil, Rye, Bran, Oily.
Processing products: Grain, Flour
Description of plant. Wheat represents annual upright cereal from 0,3 to 1,2 m high. Breeds seeds (weevils) which burgeon 3-6 germinal roots playing large role in life activity of plant. At emergence of 4-5 leaves from underground node of tillering the secondary root system (crown roots) begins to form. It is mochkovaty, rather narrow, sometimes separate roots get on depth to 1 m and more. Side shoots appear from tillering node of crown roots slightly earlier — when forming the 3rd leaf. In total it is formed from 1 to 6 escapes (tillering process).
Escape (stalk) — the hollow culm divided by nodes into interstices (4-7) which length increases up stalk. Interstices from below are densely captured by vaginas of leaves which from above disperse and pass into freely sticking out smooth, linear blades 1-2 cm wide, from 20 to 37 cm long. Upon termination of tillering stage the intensive growth of stalks due to consecutive lengthening of interstices from below up begins (phase — shooting, or stem growth). In the course of stem growth the inflorescence (ear) climbs stalk and leaves vagina of upper leaf, the plant enters heading phase. The ear 5-10 cm long consists of core on which each ledge sits on cone in 2 parallel rows, from above it comes to an end with cone. Cones consist of the 2nd spicate scales and several flowers (from 1 to 5), each of which is imprisoned in 2 floral scales. At awned ears the external glume bears awn. The flower consists of ovary with seedbud, 2 plumose rylets and 3 stamens. Blossoming at wheat comes right after heading. It begins with the center of ear, then extends at the same time up and down. Blossoming can be closed (at dull or wet weather) or open. Self-pollination prevails. With blossoming approach growth of stalk stops. After fertilization forming, filling and maturing of fruit begins (ripening stage).
The fruit — weevil — consists of densely accrete fruit and semyanny covers, endosperm with outside aleyronovy (proteinaceous) and internal starchy layers and germ. The mass of 1000 grains — 30-50 g. Grain very valuable, it contains 75-79% of carbohydrates, 15-20% of protein, 1,9-2,2% of fat, 1,9-2,1% of ashes and 2,2-2,4% of cellulose. It is used in bread baking as uluchshatel of flour of soft wheat. Generally goes for production of the best grades of semolina, macaroni, noodles, vermicelli.